The history of the factory goes back to the beginning of the previous century. The 1st Kimry cooperative and trade artel of tailors producing men's and women's clothes was organized on September 20, 1925. The founders of the artel were V.S. Tumanov, I.A. Aleksandrov, V.N. Naryshkin, D.I. Korolev and M.M. Chizhov. V.S. Tumanov, who later headed the Shveipromsoyuz in Kalinin, was elected the Chairman of the artel board.
The first customer of the artel was the "Arktiksnab", for which leather coats for air crews were made. Execution of orders in time with good quality helped the artel to increase the production capacity year by year, increase the number of employees and gain reputation. In 1933, it was renamed the Kimry Artel of tailors named after M. Gorky. Since that time, on orders of the People's Commissariat of Defense, military uniforms were sewn there: greatcoats, pea jackets, coats and tunics.
Since 1939 the artel entered the system of the Oblshveypromsoyuz of the Kalinin Oblpromsovet and was supervised by it until 1956. During the Great Patriotic War, the production was adjusted to manufacturing products for the front. Such as, helmets for tankmen, shoulder straps, quilted jackets and greatcoats. The second-hand quilted jackets were delivered to the artel by barges via the Volga River. They had to be repaired and sent back to the front or to the workers' battalions. Transport was not enough and the artel workers, mostly women, by hand unloaded the barges, and then loaded back the finished products. They worked in the most difficult conditions, sparing no effort, guided by the main slogan: everything for the front, everything for the Victory.
In 1956, the artel was renamed the Kimry Garment Factory named after M. Gorky. Until 1960, it was supervised by the Kalinin Oblmestprom, later it was included into the light industry system of the Kalinin Sovnarhoz, and in 1963 it was transferred to the Moscow Sovnarhoz. Since 1959, in addition to garments, the factory started manufacturing new products developed by Soviet scientists I. V. Petryanov, S. M. Gorodinsky, S. N. Shatsky and P.I. Basmanov - means of individual protection of respiratory system when working with radioactive substances - the well known respirators ShB-1 "Lepestok".
In the following years, mainly by the mid-sixties, the factory fully specialized in the production of individual protectionmeans, producing special clothes made of polymer materials. With account of the fact that by that time all the production facilities were used only for manufacturing articles for work with radioactive substances, in March 1965 the factory was transferred to the State Committee for the Use of Atomic Energy. From that time it became known as the "Kimry Gorky factory of individual protection means".
Since 1968, the factory is the only manufacturer in the country of analytical AFA aerosol filters, manufactured from AF materials. Filters are the basis for assessing the sanitary and hygienic state of the atmospheric air and production facilities. With their help, the concentrations of air-dispersed admixtures in the air of cities, towns, cultural and entertainment, transport and other industrial premises are determined, both in normal and in emergency situations.
In the 70ies and 80ies the enterprise successfully developed. The production of respirators reached 70 million pieces per year, which was almost a half of their total production in our country.
At the same time, new types of products were developed - analytical AFA filters, products from thermoplastic materials. The nomenclature of special protective clothing was increasing. The products manufactured by the enterprise are supplied to more than 20 countries in Europe, Asia and Africa.
Since 1994, the factory has become the JSC “Kimry Gorky factory of individual protection means”.
Today, JSC “Kimry Gorky factory of individual protection means” is the leading specialized enterprise for the production of personal protective equipment for respiratory system and skin during work with radioactive and aggressive substances. One of the most famous products is the respirator ShB-1 “Lepestok”. Its fundamental difference from other domestic and foreign samples is a combination of high protective properties with minimal impact on the functional systems of the human body and the possibility of their adjustment to any form of face. This was achieved by using for the first time in the construction of respirators a new principle of obturation, based on the effect of electrostatic attraction of fibers of the AF filter material to the skin of the face.
The design and optimal physiological and hygienic characteristics of the product turned to be so unique and stable that, having passed the test of time, they did not change fundamentally. Over the past half a century, with the help of semiautomatic devices of A.F. Kobylkin and S.M. Gorodinsky (KG-1) the enterprise manufactured more than two billion pieces of anti-aerosol and gas-mask aerosol respirators “Lepestok”.
In addition, the factory produces hose-type isolating personal protective equipment for work with radioactive and other especially dangerous substances. These are pneumatic suits, pneumatic jackets, pneumatic helmets, pneumatic masks, special protective clothing and footwear. Since 2005, the factory management has taken a course for the technical re-equipment of the enterprise - replacing obsolete equipment with modern machines and automatic lines. The company introduced 37 pieces of equipment, among them automatic lines from best world manufacturers.
In 2008, the production of new types of special protective clothing made of non-woven materials - overalls, semi-overalls, jackets, trousers, aprons, half-robes, armlets, shoe covers, hats.
Since 2009, to ensure import substitution, a large-scale project has been implemented to develop the production of a new series of respirators - respirators of the “SPIRO” series.
“SPIRO”series respirators include virtually the entire range of filtering half masks designs existing in the world.These are flat, molded and folding respirators made of the best domestic and imported materials. They have an exhalation valve. Respirators of all three classes of protection FFP1, FFP2, FFP3 are manufactured, both anti-aerosol and with additional protection against gases and vapors that protect against “acid” gases and vapors of organic substances.
Specialists of the factory continue working on the expanding of the productionby new models of respirators.
In 2011, thermoplastic automates of a new generation were put into operation (which made it possible to achieve consistently high quality of component parts, as well as reduce the production costs), an automatic packing machine, rubber twisting equipment, equipment for impregnating the materials used in the production of personal protective equipment for the respiratory system.
Over the past years, in accordance with the approved plan, a long-term program for the reconstruction of buildings and facilities of the main fund is being implemented. Members of the Board of Directors and the Management of the factory are continuously taking care of the employees’working conditions. The arrangement of the main production sites today corresponds to European standards, and even surpasses them by a number of indicators.